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A history of the spanish news Agency EFE

THE 19th CENTURY. ORIGINS

1865

The Centre for Correspondents, the first news agency in Spain, is founded on the initiative of journalist Nilo María Fabra.

 
1870

The Centre for Correspondents signs an agreement with French agency Havas to distribute its foreign news service in Spain.

 

THE 20th CENTURY. FOUNDATION, CONSOLIDATION AND EXPANSION

I. FOUNDATION

1919

Agencia Fabra is established, with Havras among its shareholders.

1939

Agencia EFE is founded as a limited company.

Celedonio Noriega, the marquis of Torre-Hoyos, is appointed president and journalist Vicente Gállego Burgos is made managing director.

EFE joins the group of Allied Agencies. A decision is taken to give a different name to each service: EFE for foreign news; CIFRA, for national news; CIFRA Gráfica, for photos and ALFIL, sports.

The offices are moved from Burgos to Madrid, taking up temporary residence in Espalter Street.

1940

In June, EFE acquires number 5, Ayala Street, for its head office.

Jesús Pabón replaces Celedonio Noriega as president.

A bureau is opened in Barcelona.

II. CONSOLIDATION AND EXPANSION

1944

In August, Pedro Gómez Aparicio is appointed managing director in place of Vicente Gállego.

1946

The Comtelsa business service is set up, in a 50-50 partnership with Reuters.

 
1951

EFE instals its first wirephoto machine.

1958

Journalist, diplomat and writer Manuel Aznar Zubigaray takes over in February as managing director.

1960

Manuel Aznar resigns in March. The vacancy is not filled until 1963, and in the meantime the agency is run by the president, Jesús Pabón, and top executives.

 
1963

Journalist and foreign correspondent Carlos Sentís is appointed managing director in January.

 
1965

Carlos Sentís is promoted to the presidency in place of Jesús Pabón.

Journalist Carlos Mendo is appointed managing director.

The first office in the Americas is opened in Buenos Aires.

1966

On January 2nd EFE's news service for Latin America is inaugurated.

Bureaus are opened in every country in the continent.

 
1967

Catalan businessman Miguel Mateu Pla takes over from Carlos Sentís as president of EFE.

1968

In September, Manuel Aznar is appointed president of the agency.

EFE acquires the Fiel agency.

 
1969

Alejandro Armesto is named managing director.

EFE begins small-scale English and French-language services.

1972

In November, EFE and leading private media in Central America set up the Central American News Agency (ACAN), headquartered in Panama.

 
1976

José María Alfaro is appointed president in February, replacing Manuel Aznar who had died a few months earlier.

In September, Luis María Anson takes over the presidency and shortly afterwards, in October, is also appointed managing director.

The first Agencia EFE style manual is published, under the guidance of professor and member of the Royal Academy of the Spanish Language Fernando Lázaro Carreter.

1977

EFE moves its headquarters from Ayala Street to number 32, Espronceda Street, Madrid.

All news services are brought under the EFE brand, which till then had been reserved for foreign news.

The CIFRA, CIFRA-GÁFICA and ALFIL trade marks disappear.

EFE Journalism Awards are instituted.

1979

EFE joins the Inter American Press Association as a full member.

 
1981

The Department of Spanish Usage is set up in collaboration with the Institute for Iberoamerican Cooperation. Its aim, with the help of philologists and academics, is to ensure the correct use of the Spanish language in the agency's news services.

 
1983

Journalist Ricardo Utrilla is appointed president and managing directorl in January.

The EFE Journalism Awards are replaced by the Premios Rey de España (King of Spain Awards), jointly with the Institute for Iberoamerican Cooperation. An agreement is signed with the U.S. Agency UPI to develop the Radio department.

The “Great Writers” and “End of Century Chronicles” are instituted with the aim of distributing articles by renowned intellectuals in Spain and Latin America.

1984

EFE formally joins the European Pressphoto Agency (EPA), the leading European agency for photo distribution, taking a 20 % shareholding.

 
1986

EFE changes its logo.

Journalist Alfonso Sobrado Palomares is named president and managing director.

1988

Efe Data, the first news data bank in Spanish, is set up.

The Fundación EFE (EFE Foundation) is created in March with the aim of encouraging research and development into information and its associated technologies, and providing training grants for journalism students.

1989

EFE starts distributing its news services directly to customers via communications satellites.

EFE celebrates its 50th anniversary with a travelling photo exhibition, Efemérides, using material from its archives.

The Press Association of Madrid awards EFE the Rodríguez Santamaría prize for the work carried out by the agency in the 50 years since its foundation.

 
1990

EFEAGRO is set up as a subsidiary of EFE.

The Balón de Plata (Silver Ball award), for the best Iberoamerican soccer player, is instituted.

1991

The TELETEXT service starts its operations.

 
1994

Euroefe is set up to provide information about European Union activities.

 
1995

EFE inaugurates an Arab-language news service, in a ceremony in Granada presided over by King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia.

EFE is awarded the Prince of Asturias award for Communications and Humanities in recognition of its work, independence and neutrality.

1996

Miguel Ángel Gozalo is appointed president and managing director of EFE.

1998

FOTOTECA (a digital photo library) starts operations.

EFE and UNICEF create the biannual Iberoamerican Communication Award for the Rights of Children and Adolescents.

2000

Distribution via Internet and digitalizing of photo and news archives begin. The company Intranet is put into operation.

 

THE 21st CENTURY. NEW TECHNOLOGIES AND THE FUTURE

2001

A service is launched for Brazil in Portuguese.

The agency ceases to be attached to the Patrimonio Nacional (National Heritage) department and is incorporated to the state Sociedad Estatal de Participaciones Industriales (Society for Industrial Participations (SEPI)).

The Association of Spanish Internet Users (AUI) awarded Agencia EFE with the Best Business prize.

2002

A Miami editing desk is set up in order to adapt news content for the Latin American market.

2003

The International Photographic Service (SGI), in collaboration with EPA, comes into operation.

The Multimedia Coordination Unit is created in Madrid.

 
2004

Álex Grijelmo is appointed president.

The Don Quijote Award for Journalism is created, with the winner to be named and receive the award along with the winners of the Rey de España (King of Spain) Journalism Award.

2005

Journalist Lola Álvarez is appointed managing director, becoming the first woman to hold the post in the history of the agency.

Building on the department of Spanish usage set up by Luis María Anson in 1981, the FUNDÉU foundation is created, following an agreement between EFE and the Spanish banking group BBVA.

The ACAN-EFE subsidiary is incorporated into Efe.

2006

EFE changes its logo.

An internal committee on journalistic standards is established.

The Arab-language service is moved to Cairo.

2007

The Miami desk is moved to Bogotá, where it takes on multimedia functions for the Americas region.

TVEFE América (in Spanish) and TVEFE Brasil (in Portuguese) are set up as a result of a strategic alliance between Televisión Española and EFE to create the first international audiovisual news service.

2008

The 64th General Assembly of the Interamerican Press Society, organised jointly with EFE, is held in Madrid.

EFE and Dow Jones launch a news business and finance news service in Spanish.

The book “La sonrisa urgente” is published.

2009

EFE celebrates its 70th anniversary, firmly established as the main Spanish-language news agency and the fourth in the world.

EFE's first permanent office in Teheran is opened.

The agency´s Galician language service comes into operation.

EFE publishes a book titled “Twenty years of news in Catalan”.

2010

EFE's voice on the environment, www.efeverde.com, is born.

2011

EFE publishes its “Quick guide to Spanish usage”, its first style manual for multimedia journalism.

EFE and YouTube launch the a general elections 2011 channel.

EFE, the Fundación de la Lengua Española and the Instituto Cervantes launch the “Práctica español con EFE” (Practise Spanish with EFE) website.

2012

Jose Antonio Vera is appointed president of EFE.

Efesalud.com (a health news website), Efeturviajes.com (a tourism website) and Efe encuentros (a forum for debating topical issues) are set up.

The King of Spain environmental journalism award is created.

FUNDEU publishes “Todo lo que siempre quiso saber sobre la lengua castellana” (Everything you ever wanted to know about the Spanish language).

José Antonio Vera José Antonio Vera José Antonio Vera
2013

EFE publishes “75 años, 75 fotos” (“75 years in 75 photos”) to mark the King's 75th birthday.

The 30th edition of the Premios Rey de España (King of Spain awards) is held, and the Reyes de Periodismo “Kings of Journalism” is published.

A series of websites are launched: Efeescuela.es (training), Efefuturo.com (science), Efemotor.com (automobile), Efeestilo.com (lifestyle), Efeemprende.com (entrepreneurs), Efedoc Análisis (analysis) y Efeempresas.com (business).

Is celebrated the 40th anniversary of ACAN-EFE.

The book “Sofia 75 años” is published.

Libro del Rey Nueva sede Libro Reina
2014

EFE celebrates its 75th anniversary.

The agency´s new headquarters at Avenida de Burgos 8, Madrid, is inaugurated.

King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia inaugurate on May 27th the exhibition marking EFE's 75th birthday.

“Felipe VI: la vida del Rey en 100 imágenes” (“Felipe VI: the life of the King in 100 pictures”) and “EFE75”.

EFE organises 44 exhibitions throughout Spain and 21 in Latin America.

Nueva sede Libro del Rey Libro del Rey Felipe VI
2015

FUNDEU celebrates its 10th anniversary at a ceremony presided over by Queen Letizia.

EFE increases its stake in EPA (European Photopress Agency) to 49.9 %.

EFEAgro marks its 25 years of existence.

Agencia EFE's exhibiton in Buenos Aires and Caracas to commemorate the agency's 50 years in America.

Conmemorative act at the Agency's headquarters to celebrate EFEsalud.com's 3 years activity and 1000 days online.

 
2016

Exhibition in Lima to commemorate EFE's 50 years in Peru.

Opening of the new EFE museum in Madrid by Spanish president Mariano Rajoy.

Agencia EFE and its President receive the Eisenhower award to free speech

Rey de España award ceremony with Nobel laureate Mario Vargas Llosa and journalist Carlos Herrera amongst the recipients.

Creation of the web Practicodeporte.com