EFESydney, Australia

New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern presented a bill Friday to ban conversion therapies that try to change or suppress sexual orientation and imposing penalties of up to five years in prison for infringements.

"Conversion practices have no place in modern New Zealand. They are based on the false belief that any person’s sexual orientation, gender identity, or gender expression is broken and in need of fixing," New Zealand Justice Minister Kris Faafoi said in a statement.

The draft Law for the Prohibition of Conversion Practices before parliament, in which Ardern’s Labor Party has a majority, applies penalties of up to three years in prison if this type of therapy is applied to minors or people incapable of making decisions.

On the criminal level, the project also proposes to punish with a penalty of up to five years in prison if conversion therapy causes serious harm to the person, whatever their age, and to open a civil avenue for the aggrieved to be compensated.