efe-epaMarina Villén Teherán

The signing of the nuclear deal in 2015 was meant to herald the end of Iran’s international ostracism but the withdrawal of the United States and rising tensions between Europe and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have left the multilateral treaty on the verge of collapse.

Lauded by the EU’s then head of foreign policy, Federica Mogherini, as a “historic” deal that was “good for all sides”, the so-called Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) was signed on 14 July 2015 in Vienna after two years of long and hard negotiations.