Australia, a country that has had five different prime ministers in six years, will go to the polls again on Saturday.
The Prime Minister of Australia:
Scott Morrison, who took the reins of the executive in August after an internal Liberal Party revolt to unseat Malcolm Turnbull, is hoping to lead the ruling coalition to victory despite unfavorable pre-election polls.
The 51-year-old practicing Christian has socially conservative ideas, is a defender of economic liberalism and has made tax reduction and management of the national economy his main priorities, while showing a firm hand to illegal immigration and the return of Islamic fundamentalist fighters from countries like Syria and Iraq.
Leader of the opposition:
Bill Shorten has been presented as the unifier of the Labor Party after a period of internal revolts between 2007 and 2013, which resulted in the alternation in the position of prime minister between Kevin Rudd and Julia Gillard.
Shorten, a former trade union leader who supports Australia becoming a republic, advocated in this election campaign in favor of gender equality, free access to daycare, improvements to healthcare and public education and drastic action against climate change.
Former prime minister:
Ex-journalist Tony Abbott was first elected a Member of Parliament in the district of Warringah in 1994.
He orchestrated a revolt against Malcolm Turnbull last year after Abbott himself was removed from power in 2015.
Abbott, who leads the most conservative faction of the Liberal Party, is opposed to the legalization of marriage between people of the same sex, which was approved in 2018, and, as one of the main supporters of the use of coal as an energy generator, denies or questions the harmful effects of climate change.
Leader of the Green Party:
Richard di Natale, leader of the Green Party, comes to the elections with the risk of losing ground due to the vote that the independents can obtain, a possibility that coincides with a greater citizen awareness on the fight against climate change.
Since he became leader of his party in 2015, the former family doctor and son of Italian parents has been key to promoting the legalization of homosexual marriage, investigations into the banking sector and healthcare for people with disabilities, and better conditions for asylum seekers and refugees detained in centers in the Pacific.
Pauline Hanson, leader of the far-right One Nation Party, is a former fish and chip shop owner.
Her fiercely anti-immigrant stance, first against Chinese immigrants and now against Muslims, has caused a stir since her first appearance in politics in 1996 and her return 10 years later.
She once appeared in the Senate wearing a burqa as part of a controversial campaign to have the garment banned in Australia.
Hanson tabled a motion called "It's OK to be white" which condemned "anti-white racism".
She also questioned a massacre that in 1996 led to the banning of arms in Australia and was accused by the television channel Al Jazeera of seeking funding from the National Rifle Association of America.
The eccentric millionaire:
Mining and real estate mogul Clive Palmer, who won a seat in the 2013 federal elections and was listed as one of the 200 richest people in Australia in 2016, returns to the electoral arena with his United Australia Party, with a conservative populist discourse and the slogan "Let's make Australia great," similar to that of United States president Donald Trump's successful "Make America Great Again" rallying cry in 2016.
In Australia’s complex electoral system, in which ballot votes with multiple options vary until a candidate reaches 50 percent, Palmer made an agreement with the Liberal party, which could facilitate a ticket to parliament in which independents are expected to have a key role.